At present, Vietnam is in a transitional period between pandemic prevention and sustainable management.
According to national and international epidemiological documents, particularly those of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United States’ CDC, "endemic" diseases are the steady occurrence of an epidemic or pathogens in a given geographical area or population group. These are directed at a common incidence of an epidemic in a given area or population group.
According to details given by the Ministry of Health, the WHO is continuing to treat COVID-19 as a pandemic on a global scale and is concerned that there will be unforeseen variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the future.
Currently many countries around the world are reporting complicated disease developments, with it being necessary to continue maintaining a high level of pandemic response activities to repress case numbers.
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is constantly changing, meaning that it is difficult to determine the dangerous nature of variants and the severity of the disease for the general population.
Omicron is the latest variant to impact the world, although it is not the final variant. It is therefore possible for new variants to emerge that can reduce vaccine effectiveness or immunity, thereby leading to an increase in severe symptomatic infections or deaths, especially among vulnerable groups.
Most notably, the declining health status after contracting COVID-19 remains a concern, although there is no adequate research.
In Vietnam, although the mortality rate has dropped a lot compared to the previous period, there are still deaths and serious diseases being monitored and treated.
Furthermore, the nation has applied flexible COVID-19 prevention and control regulations, such as the prevention measures to promptly deal with further dangerous situations which may occur.