Reducing plastic waste is an urgent task for Vietnam, where 8-20 million tons of plastic are dumped into the ocean each year. Ms. Pham Thu Hang, Deputy Head of the General Department of Seas and Islands, said that the Vietnamese government has paid special attention to dealing with plastic waste pollution and ocean plastic waste. Vietnam’s revised Law on Environmental Protection focuses on the management, reuse, recycling, and treatment of plastic waste and the development of a circular economy.
Vietnam has adopted a National Action Plan on Ocean Plastic Waste Management to 2030 and has joined the Global Plastic Partnership Action Program and aims to reduce ocean plastic waste by 75% by 2030.
In 2017 Vietnam was one of 127 countries that adopted the United Nations Environment Council Resolution of the United Nations Environment Program on Plastic Waste and Ocean Microplastics. One year later, at the G7 Summit in Canada, Vietnam’s then-Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc pledged to take action and called for global cooperation in addressing plastic waste at sea.
In 2019 many agencies, organizations, localities, businesses, and individuals joined efforts to reduce plastic waste. In 2020 Vietnam participated in bilateral and multilateral dialogues with governments of other countries to find solutions and enhance international cooperation to deal with ocean plastic waste pollution. Last year, the Prime Minister approved a project representing Vietnam’s participation in the Global Agreement on Ocean Plastic Pollution.
Vietnamese enterprises have pledged to take action to reduce plastic waste. In June 2019, nine leading consumer goods and packaging companies established the Vietnam Package Recycling Organization (PRO Vietnam) to help build a “green-clean-beautiful” Vietnam by promoting the collection and recycling of packages. There are more than 70 projects dealing with ocean plastic waste in 19 of Vietnam’s 28 coastal provinces and island districts.