Mong ethnic minority’s baby naming ritual

Vang A Pua
Chia sẻ
(VOVWORLD) - Mong ethnic minority people live mainly in the northern mountain provinces including Ha Giang, Dien Bien, and Cao Bang, and in several Central Highlands provinces. Like other ethnic groups, Mong people take part in many rituals during their lifetime. One is the ritual to give a name to a baby to acknowledge him or her as a new family member.
Mong ethnic minority’s baby naming ritual - ảnh 1A Mong baby. (Photo:

Hung Dai Ky, Deputy Director of Ha Giang province’s Culture Center, says parents choose a date for their new-born child’s naming ceremony and invite all the family members. 

“A grandfather or uncle of the child conducts the naming ceremony on three mornings. Offerings should include a chicken and an egg, among other things. He reports to the ancestors a new family member and asks their permission to assign the baby a name,” said Ky. 

The naming ceremony begins in the early morning with a prayer to the house spirits. The offering depends on the family’s financial condition and whether it’s a first or second child. If it is a first child and the family can afford it, they prepare a pig and many chickens and invite the maternal family to attend the ceremony.

“They prepare a pig and a couple of roosters and hens for the worship of the house spirits. They burn paper in the room of the newborn baby to inform the spirits and ancestors of the baby and his or her name and pray to them to bless the baby,” said Giang Seo Ga, former Director of the Center for Culture, Sports and Communications of Sapa town, Lao Cai province.

Mong ethnic minority’s baby naming ritual - ảnh 2A Mong ritual to pray the house spirits to protect a newborn. (Photo:

Different Mong branches have different naming procedures. For example, the Mong in Van Ho district, Son La province, invite a shaman to conduct a ceremony to call the spirits. 

“First parents pick a name for their baby. Then they invite a shaman to organize a ceremony. They prepare a hen for a ritual to inform their ancestors of the new family member. They place a rooster and a hen at the front door for rituals to pray to their ancestors and deities to give the mother lots of milk to feed her baby. The rituals are accompanied by a gong performance. If the family can afford it, they will prepare a big meal for the ceremony,” said Trang A Lu of Hua Tat hamlet.

Giang Seo Ga elaborates on things Mong people often do during the baby naming ritual, “The food is placed on the altar for the ceremony. Then the guests are invited to have a meal. Guests bring gifts for the baby. Grandparents, uncles, and aunts might give silver coins. Other relatives give baby clothes and diapers and may contribute some food to the meal.”

The Mong continue to preserve their ritual of assigning a name to a baby as it marks the existence of a new person in the family.