Building and perfecting law-governed socialist State of Vietnam is inevitable

Dinh Hieu-Thu Hoa
Chia sẻ
(VOVWORLD) - The 13th National Party Congress set out a target to make Vietnam a developing country with modern industry and high middle income by 2030 when Vietnam celebrates its 100th founding anniversary of the Communist Party of Vietnam. The Resolution of the 13th National Party Congress defines building and perfecting the law-governed socialist state led by the Party a focal task in reforming the political system.
Building and perfecting law-governed socialist State of Vietnam is inevitable - ảnh 1President Nguyen Xuan Phuc charis a seminar on theoretical and practical issues concerning the law-governed socialist State of Vietnam on December 11, 2021 (Photo: VOV) 

In Vietnam, building a law-governed socialist state is an inevitable requirement of the national revolution toward national independence and socialism to achieve the goal of rich people, a strong country, democracy, and equality.

President Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party of Vietnam effectively combined Marxism-Leninism with international experience concerning democracy, and creatively applied it to Vietnam.

Associate Professor Doctor Tao Thi Quyen of the Ho Chi Minh National Academy of Politics said: “Ho Chi Minh’s thought on a law-governed state was introduced long ago. When Ho Chi Minh left Vietnam for national salvation, he learned the progressive ideology of the bourgeois revolutions in Europe which he later applied to Vietnam, especially the ideology of building a State of the people and all state power belonging to the people.”

Following the birth of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, President Ho Chi Minh and the Communist Party of Vietnam successfully organized the 1st National Assembly election and adopted the 1946 Constitution to ensure that the Vietnamese State is organized and operates on the principle of democracy and rules based, and in accordance with the Constitution and law.

The development of the revolution and the country requires the building of a law-governed socialist State based on both theory and practicality. The concept of a law-governed socialist state was first mentioned at the 2nd meeting of the 7th Party Central Committee in 1991 and highlighted in many documents including the Platform on national construction in transition to socialism and the 2011 revised Platform.

In the 2013 Constitution, that concept was further clarified as “the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a law-governed socialist State of the people, by the people, and for the people. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is mastered by the people and all state power belongs to the people based on the alliance of workers, peasants, and intellectuals. The power of the State is unified, delegated, coordinated, and controlled between state agencies to exercise the legislative, judicial, and executive branches.”

The 2013 Constitution also stipulates core issues of the Vietnamese law-governed socialist State including human rights and citizen rights.

Doctor Nguyen Si Dung, former head of the NA Office, said: “ The 2013 Constitution acknowledges all human rights and citizen rights at the world standard. Vietnamese people enjoy all the rights that people in the most developed countries have. Under the 2013 Constitution, human rights and citizen rights are only restricted in cases that concern national defense, national security, social order and safety, social ethics, and community health. These restrictions are only imposed with NA approval.”

Reforming national management during development and international integration requires  the acceleration of building a facilitating state. The Resolution of the 13th National Party Congress says building and perfecting a law-governed socialist State is the focal task of reforming the political system. It also emphasizes the need to adopt a strategy on building and perfecting a law-governed Socialist State by 2030 with a Vision to 2045.

Vietnamese people want to live in a law-governed socialist State.                       

“The law-governed socialist state gives all the power to the people and centers on the people in all activities,” says a resident.

According to a local, “The people are the masters so the law-governed socialist State is of the people, by the people, and for the people.”

“The State has measures to control power and combat bureaucracy, corruptions, and wastefulness,” says a resident.

Building a law-governed state is of crucial importance for serving people and social organizations. President Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Head of the Steering Committee for the Project on “Building and Perfecting the law-governed Socialist State until 2030 and Vision to 2045”, said:  “Building and perfecting a law-governed socialist state of Vietnam is the inevitable trend of the Vietnamese State and also the aspiration and  choice of Vietnamese people during national development.”

Building a law-governed socialist State in Vietnam is a fundamental factor that protects and ensures political power, ensures the people’s participation in the management and control of the State, addresses abuse of state power, and inspires people’s creativity in national construction and development.